an example of a C Major scale indicating some points of interest.
off, let's gain a little fundamental information. Notice each
note in turn is a certain distance to the one before and after
it. This is what gives a scale it's particular sonic character
when played from a given starting point and why in this case
starting on C, you get that "doh ray me" sound.
numbers illustrate how each note has a value or degree with
respect to the one we started on (the root). In a typical C
Major scale, C is number 1 and considered the root or center
of attention. What we're going to do is take the same family
of notes and put the emphasis on the 6th note - A.
important to note that we haven't added any sharps or flats
and haven't changed the distance of each note to the one before
or after it. The ingredients and internal connections are exactly
the same. What has changed is our original starting point or
the note to which we apply emphasis.
this scale is made of the same family of notes drawn from C,
it's said to be relative or more specifically in this
case "A Relative Minor".
that C still maintains a position in the new structure and therefor
has a relationship to A. This is called "C Relative Major".
to this point, this is all rather conceptual but if you play
each scale as shown, you will here a tonal difference. C Major
will tend to sound bright or happy and A Minor dark or moody.
you've managed to grasp the idea so far, congratulations!, you've
entered the dark side. Now it's time to deal with form and function.